In the Beginning…The Brief History of UNIX

UNIX first began when it escaped the AT&T office basements in the 1960’s with love notes from software writer Ken Thompson. Lightning flashed, the ground churned, and oceans boiled. The rest, is history…

Seriously though, UNIX systems are the backbone of modern programming; sure it’s all updated, but UNIX is responsible for major changes in the way we view technology. UNIX first began in the 1960’s as an idea for an operating system that was intended to be used to file source, locate, and translate data; however AT&T (the original creators- then called Multics) and the Bell Company decided to scrap the project because it was too costly and the operations were too large for their needs; the operating systems that they used to process data were very large and very, very expensive.

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At the time, it wasn’t cost effective to use the software, since it required more memory to operate than computers originally could handle, which was 4 kilobytes. Because of a legal decree in 1956, AT&T was forbidden to enter the computer business, therefore they had to give away non-computer related technology to anyone who asked, as well as AT&T releasing it to the United States government, universities and other commercial industries. Unix was originally packaged all of the source code, which included the machine- dependent part of the kernel (the processor), which was written in PDP-11 assembly language. Shortly after its release to the public, in 1972, the software was rewritten in C programming language; which made it much more portable and easy to use and modify, because users only had to change bits and pieces of the original code to make it usable on multiple, smaller operating systems.

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Fort Knox- the Security Benefits of openBSD

How secure is too secure? This is a very important question to consider in a time in history where maximum security is the only thing stopping a potential hacker from breaking through your computer’s firewall to swipe your email passwords, hack into your Facebook and make statuses about your sexuality, and steal all of your money. Overall, OpenBSD offers the maximum security through the choices it offers a user. The openBSD motto consists of an insistence on open source code, quality documentation, software licensing agreements, security, and correct code verification. These particular restrictions prevent possible corruption of files. These restrictions include:

 

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A Brief Overview Of The Upcoming Windows 10 OS

When Windows 8 hit the shelves a lot of people found it to be less than stellar. It seemed like Microsoft had gone soft, a lot of people found the interface frustrating, and many had problems with program compatibility. Many users skipped Windows 8 entirely, and grimly hung on their Windows 7 while they waited to see what Microsoft would come up with next.

 

Well that wait is almost over. Microsoft has recently announced that the next version of Windows will be available sometime in the late months of 2015. Sounds like someone might be planning ahead for Christmas. This new operating system will be called Windows 10. The people at Microsoft were well aware that everyone expected a Windows 9 release. They decided to call it Windows 10 because they believe their latest offering goes a step beyond what people have come to expect from Windows.

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Although it’s a bit early to tell, it appears that the people at Microsoft really listened to what users had to say about their Windows 8 experience. They were also aware that a lot of users refused to even try Windows 8, and kept 7 instead. One of the things that people complained about the most was what Microsoft did with the Start button in Windows 8. Those people at least will be happy to know that the Start button is back where it was in 7, except now you can do a lot more with it.

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Computers and Their Operating Systems: How Our Current Ones Came to Be 

The computers that we are currently using these days were not like the first ones that were invented by geniuses in the past decades. The first computers were bulky, some even took up a whole room! And their operating systems were so basic that some had to be communicated between the operator and the user. Imagine using a computer today and a middle man processes your job. It will take you so long to even finish a task on your computer, much less browse the Internet. Thanks to innovative and genius minds, computer operating systems have been made user-friendly, and with cleaner interfaces so that all computer users will be able to understand how their tasks are done.

But just like any other electronic gadgets such as appliances for cooking that have seen their fair share of improvements into great compact cookers of rice, computer operating systems have also seen their share of rapid developments to keep up with the changing times. Here is a quick rundown on the first ever operating systems.

  • FORTRAN or Formula Translator was developed from 1954-1957, could accommodate 1,024 12-letter words and still have enough space for other data.
  • The 1960s saw a change on how data is stored in computers. The IBM 350 is the first disk drive in use. It became mainstream in this decade because it presented high storage capacity (at that time). This prompted IBM to develop DOS or Disk Operating System.
  • The Intel 4004 was the first microprocessor that was capable of performing 60,000 processes per second. Intel introduced the processor in 1971.
  • The 1980s was the golden age of computers. The personal computer, where users no longer need operators to process jobs, had gained popularity with the masses. But there was only one downside to the personal computer in ’80s. Its operating systems were very basic but it only prompted programmers to improve its operating systems to make the computer more accessible and user-friendly to people. In 1983, Microsoft Windows was first introduced but it was not yet polished, so users stuck to using the DOS.
  • Aside from MS Windows and MS DOS running personal computers, there was a much-lesser operating system used in servers and embedded systems in the name of Linux.

These are only some of the operating systems that have existed – and some still existing in much improved versions – that became the blueprint for the advanced systems that we are enjoying today. Technology has paved the way for rapid developments in what is being used now. Everyday you can see a new product being introduced in the market – whether it is a totally new product or an innovation of an existing one – and this generation is fortunate enough to live in an age where information and innovation are very accessible for everyone.

Computer operating systems continue to be developed to make computer use a lot easier and faster. Time will come when you will no longer need to move a thing and the information you are looking for will be handed to you.

Android OS Shoe Apps for Sneakerheads

The biggest operating system in the world for mobile phones is called Android. It’s based on Linux Kernel and is now produced by the search giant Google. The Android OS is designed for phones and tablets with the ability of touchscreen operations.

The key aspect of Android’s success is the connection with the Google Play Store. The store offers over one million android applications that include games, books, music players, control devices and many more useful pieces of software that can be downloaded for free.

In this article I wanted to highlight apps that are designed for sneakerheads like me. A sneakerhead is someone that collects and admires sneakers.

Kicks on Fire

The Kicks on Fire app has over two million followers around the world. The app is set up to give sneakerheads all the latest news, history and notifications directly from your phone. Before I check my emails or make a cup of coffee in the morning I will log onto the app to read the latest shoe news.

The history section is very detailed, giving you the ability to search for a pair of shoes that may or may not be available to buy (read more). This enables you to conduct research for your own website or blog and can assist you with finding historic details without looking at every website online.

The notifications section is also handy and keeps you informed with details regarding upcoming events and exhibitions around the world. I often set reminders two weeks in advance giving me the option of attending depending on my work schedule.

The most important aspect of the app is letting you know the latest release dates. With so many shoe manufactures around the world releasing limited-addition shoes daily, the app provides excellent reminders and notifications directly to your phone.

The app recently enabled me to buy a pair of CrossFit shoes designed by Nike on the release date.

Sole Insider

The Sole Insider app is similar to Kicks on Fire but has a better navigation system and seems to give notifications quicker. When I originally downloaded the app it was sluggish and I stopped trying to use it until it was updated the following month. The app now works seamlessly and it’s a joy to use.

The app creators claim that the software updates the system every three minutes by checking the Internet for sneak release dates and general news. They also claim to offer the ability to buy new-release sneakers as soon as they are available, but from my own experience this is with a 50/50 success rate.

I do like the re-stock notifications that you can choose to monitor. This is a very useful service and I was notified about the restock of the New Balance MX20v4 only yesterday.

I would like to be able to create a more detailed user account that could be added to a database. If this was available people could search for other users with similar shoe interests, creating a very strong and useful community. Maybe this will be a future addition to one of the next updates.